RUSSIAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES
BRANCH OF GEOLOGY,GEOPHYSICS,GEOCHEMISTRY AND MINING SCIENCES
NATIONAL

GEOPHYSICAL
COMMITTEE
structure
our partners
mission
projects
publications and events
conferences
history
International Conference 'Data Intensive System Analysis for Geohazard Studies'
Academician
Dr. Ivan Bardin
Corr. member
Dr. Vladimir Belousov
Corr. member
Dr. Yuri Boulanger

The history of the National Geophysical Committee of Russia dates back to the 1950-s.

1957 was announced as the International Geophysical Year (IGY). The programme of the IGY involved activities in seismology, gravimetry, and geoelectricity. The decision to hold the IGY was supported by International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics, International Scientific Radio Union, and International Council of Scientific Unions.

A Special Committee for the IGY (CSAGI), headed by Dr. Sydney Chapman (UK), was formed to coordinate the activity of different countries and to develop the general scientific research programme. Dr. Lloyd Berkner (USA) was initially appointed as the vice-president of CSAGI. Then this post was assigned to a prominent Soviet scientist, corresponding member of the Academy of Sciences of USSR Dr. Vladimir Belousov.

Like in other IGY participant countries in the Soviet Union an Interdepartmental Committee for the IGY preparation and planning was formed by a governmental decree. This organisation was headed by a prominent geophysisist, academician Dr. Grigory Gamburtsev. After his death in 1955 the Committee was headed by the AS USSR vice-president academician Dr. Ivan Bardin.


The following outstanding Soviet scientists were appointed ss the Vice-Chairmen:

  • Corr. member Dr. Vladimir Belousov (geology and geotectonics)
  • Corr. member Dr. Yuri Boulanger (gravimetry and theoretical geodesy)
  • Prof. Dr. Nikolai Pushkov (geomagnetism and aeronomy)
  • Academician (Georgian Academy of Sciences) Dr. Theophan Davitaya (climatology and agrometeorology)

Dr. Valeria Troitskaya was appointed as the Academic Secretary.


The following Sections were organized within the Committee:

  • Global geophysics
  • Meteorology and atmospheric physics
  • Geomagnetism
  • Aurora and airglow
  • Solar activity
  • Cosmic rays
  • Ionosphere
  • Meteors
  • Latitude and longitude
  • Oceanology
  • Glaciology
  • Seismology
  • Gravimetry
  • Space rockets and artificial satellites

These sections developed a detailed plan of the USSR participation within the IGY. It was coordinated with programmes in other countries and main objectives introduced by the CSAGI.

In January 1961 on the basis of the Soviet IGY Committee an Interdepartmental Geophysical Committee under the AS USSR Presidium was organized.


Its functions involved:

  • coordination and planning of complex geophysical research within international projects and programmes;
  • providing USSR participation in certain bodies within the International Council of Scientific Unions (ICSU) and International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics (IUGG);
  • providing international scientific data exchange;
  • publishing the results of the international projects and programmes.

For nearly 30 years (1961–1990) the Committee was directed by Dr. Vladimir Belousov. From 1960 till 1963 Dr. Belousov was in the office of the IUGG President.

On the basis of the Interdepartmental Geophysical Committee in June 1992 the National Geophysical Committee of Russia was formed. The Committee became the national representative of Russia in the IUGG.

From 1993 till 2004 the National Geophysical Committee of Russia was directed by a well-known seismologist, corr. member of RAS Dr. Gennady Sobolev.

On 26 December 2006 (by the decree of the Bureau of RAS Branch of Geology, Geophysics, Geochemistry and mining sciences 13000.11-99) àcademician of RAS Dr. Alexei  Gvishiani was approved as the President of the National Geophysical Committee of Russia.

 
Contacts
 
Publications
 
The proceedings of the International Partnership Conference "Geophysical Observatories, Multifunctional GIS and Data Mining"
 
The proceedings of the International Conference "Electronic Geophysical Year: State of the Art and Results"
Russian Journal of Earth Sciences
volume 11, numbers 1–4
 
The proceedings of the International Conference "50th Anniversary of the International Geophysical Year and Electronic Geophysical Year"
Russian Journal of Earth Sciences
volume 10, numbers 1–6
 
26-28 January 2011 Uglich, Yaroslavl region, Russia International workshop "Artificial Intelligence in the Earth’s Magnetic Field Study. INTERMAGNET Russian Segment"